Linux is a Unix like operating system which is assembled under the model of free and open source software development and distribution. Linux was originally developed as a free operating system for personal computers. It is a leading operating system on servers and other big systems such as supercomputers and mainframe computers. Linux also runs on embedded systems such as tablet computers, mobile phones, televisions, network routers and video game consoles.
The development of Linus is one of the prominent examples of free and open source software collaboration. Typically Linux is packaged in a format known as a Linux distribution for desktop and server use. A distribution oriented desktop use may include an accompanying desktop environment such as GNOME and KDE Plasma or an X Window System. Other distributions may include less resource intensive desktops or less powerful computers. As Linux is freely redistributable, anyone can create a distribution for any use. The applications commonly used with desktop Linux systems include GIMP image editor, Mozilla Firefox web browser, the LibreOffice and office application suite etc.
If you are planning to build a web hosting company or want to simply host your website at home, then it is recommended to use Linux as your operating system. Linux servers are known to be extremely reliable and rarely crashes. Some Linux distribution for servers are very flexible and are multi-purpose. There are hundreds of Linux distribution servers but some are considered as the best and provide good service.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
When talking about web servers, we shouldn’t fail to include Red Hat Enterprise Linux. It is released in the server version of x86, Itanium, PowerPc and IBM system z. The main advantage of it is, it costs less than Microsfot’s web server software. It is also known for its excellent technical support and service. Not only this, it has a very controlled package inclusion process and many of the packages are several versions behind their current release.
Debian is a strict advocate of free and open source software. Is is known about its support for a wide range of computer architectures which range from Intel/AMD to the ARM architecture. The other features of Debian include – APT package management system, repositories of large number of packages, and high quality releases.
CentOS is a perfect distribution server for those who want all the goodness of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, but do not want to spend a dime. It aims to provide a free computing platform and strives to maintain 100% binary capability with its upstream distribution. It is based on RHEL and the technical support is provided by the community through web forums, chat rooms and official mailing list.
There are many other server distributions that are not necessarily as popular with web servers but that may be worth considering. These include Ubuntu Server Edition, Gentoo, Slackware, SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, and Fedora. Each has its own strengths and weakness, but all of them have the power and freedom of Linux to make them great choices for your server needs