Different types of hernia and treatments

The hernia is that portion of the body, where the tissues in the abdomen or intestine swells. Usually, Hernia is contained in a thin membrane of the abdomen. It is a harmless disorder, but should be treated in time, as it affects the circulation of the blood. Sometimes, the individual need to go through an emergency surgery in order to prevent the disruption in blood circulation. For example, if the blood stops to flow through the hernia, the tissue where the blood flow stopped stops functioning due to the lack of oxygen which it gets from the blood.

Depending on the gravity and seriousness of the problem, different kinds of treatments are done. Some of the common kinds of hernia treatment include –

Femoral Herniadeffernt-types-hernia

This kind of hernia affects both men and women. The intestinal loop moves through the canal that contain the major blood vessels from and to the leg. This causes a bulge or lump on the top of the inner thigh or in the groin. Based on the fact that whether the hernia can be reduced or not, this treatment is given to the person.

Hiatal Hernia

The loop in the stomach projects upwards into the small opening in the pessary through which the gullet passes. In this case, it leaves the abdomen and enters the chest.

Inguinal Hernia

inguinal hernia is a lump caused in the small intestine that passes into the groin or tears the abdominal wall. This can be further classified into – direct inguinal hernia and indirect inguinal hernia.

Direct Inguinal hernia

This is a kind of hernia that occurs when the abdominal substances rupture a weak part between the abdominal wall and inguinal canal.

An Indirect Inguinal Hernia

An indirect Inguinal hernia can be defined as the lump that is caused when the abdominal substances project directly into the inguinal ring. This results in poor functioning or lack of functioning of the embryonic blockage of the inguinal ring.

Umbilical Hernia

This kind of hernia occurs when the abdominal substances projects under the skin into the umbilical hole. The umbilical hole is a healed mark that is located in the lower abdomen. This problem can be caused to women after deliver, if the umbilical cord is not closed properly.

Incisional Hernia

This kind of hernia is caused due to the incision caused by a surgery. Sometime, some excess muscular efforts like – lifting and coughing strains the healing tissues, which results in hernia.

Epigastric Hernia

It occurs in the center line of the abdomen and is usually painless. This kind of hernia rarely includes any intestine and is composed of fatty tissues.

In order to treat hernia laparoscopic hernia surgery will be performed. For large hernias, emergency surgery is needed instead of laparoscopic surgery. After hernia surgery, patients should follow a healthy diet that include – lots of fiber, minerals and vitamins. One should drink a lot of water to avoid the problem of constipation. To be on the safe side one should take some precautions that include – keeping the muscles in shape, avoid cigarettes, avoid straining to urinate, avoid lifting objects etc.

Jenny Richards is a free lancer writer and content builder of many sites.

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