School books showcase that earth is surrounded by 1/3th of water, and we go gaga about it. But out of this only 1/3 portion of water is rendered safe to be fit for drinking purposes. Numerous researches highlight that drinking water is a source of various contaminants, organic substances with microorganisms and hazard-prone substances. An alarming piece of statistics reveals that our country is the largest consumer of ground water, but still, a major chunk of masses are deprived of clean drinking water. On the occasion of world water day, India is the only country where people are still finding it difficult to obtain drinking water. In the urban population, this figure is at 50 % whereas in rural it stands to be at 63 %. If you consume contaminated water it is a breeding ground for various diseases. All this calls for installation of a water purifier at our premises.
Drinking water in India is polluted. For example, in Delhi, the source of water is not even fit for consumption, but the local water body might differ in its view.
The main reasons for water contamination
Out of the various environmental issues in India water pollution tops the list. Though the main cause of it can be attributed to untreated sewage. In addition, another cause of water pollution is no regulations in place of small scale industries along with agricultural standoff. As per a study conducted in the year 2007, it was found out that the major source of pollution for ground and surface water is attributed to sewage is not treated properly.
If you dump litter and solid waste in water bodies it could also cause pollution at a significant level. Each substance takes an unspecified amount of time so as to dissolve in water and this takes a toll on the aquatic animals along with plants. More reasons can be attributed to causing of water contamination in India, but a combination of the above factors contributes to the most.
What is the best remedial action at this juncture?
If you drink contaminated water it is a stepping stone for various contaminated diseases. In a country like India nearly 37.7 % million people are victims of water-borne diseases and you have to consider that the main reason why a scenario exists is because of consuming contaminated water. Worse aspect is that 74 % of the rural population do not have access to the water purification system. For protection against water-borne diseases, a water purification system is a must. To combat waterborne illness you can also rely on packaged drinking water.
Stringent drinking water guidelines have been put forth in 1993 at Geneva as per world health organization. If you are really interested to know more about it you can pay a visit to their website. For incorporating drinking water standards WHO is a parent body which frames guidelines. On the other hand in India the Bureau of Indian standards put forth guidelines.