Recycling industrial waste is a major challenge every company faces. Disposing the waste in landfills could pollute the environment and open the possibility of protests and lawsuits from the environmentalists. A proper strategy needs to be built for recycling so that the items that could be recycled are properly segregated from the waste and carried to the recycling plants instead of making it to the landfill. Fortunately, technology is making this much easier to accomplish.
Several techniques exist today for sorting the materials, such as optical sorting and air separators. These technologies produce high precision sorting that isolates recyclables from waste, making it easier to mark the items for recycling. For example, fiber-sorting method is used to separate fiber from cartons and containers so that it can be easily recycled. Remaining waste can be converted to energy using techniques such as plasma burning.
Solid Waste Recycling
Solid waste such as plastics and biodegradable waste could present a major problem in landfills. Using electrical controls, such waste can be turned into refuse-derived fuel (RDF). Some of the key steps involved in RDF include screening the materials by size, magnetic separation, coarse shredding, and refining. Cement kiln industries and pyrolysis plants typically use RDF for combustion.
Apart from the commonly used paper shredders, there are other shredding systems available that can shred heavier items such as metal, wood, and asphalt shingles. Magnetic separation method is used to separate ferrous from non-ferrous materials. Magnetic method is also used to remove nails and other metal objects from wood. Shredding operations could produce dust, which could be collected by the dust collectors to keep the environment safe.
Bins, Trailers, and Bulk Material Handling Conveyors
Transporting heavy objects such as scrap metals is always a challenge. There are industries that provide specialized equipments to transport such materials according to General Recycling Industries Ltd, a company that specializes in Edmonton recycling. For normal load, different types of bins can be used while trailers can be used for more demanding jobs. Material handling conveyors can be used to transport the materials to the recycling plants or to the trailers.
In essence, technology is making it easier to recycle the materials irrespective of their size or type. Even environmentally hazardous materials such as lead-acid batteries can be recycled. While the technology has made is much easier and safer to recycle, safety of personnel is always an important factor, and care should be taken when transporting the materials and handling the equipments.