Printed Calendars are great gifts that commemorate the relationship between a client and a company, or a company and its employees. Such is the importance of printed calendars that preparation for the New Year, begins as early as the second quarter of the ongoing year. On being questioned, a Marketing Honcho with a Fortune 500 company said, “we begin looking at pitches and themes from a calendar printing company as early as April of the ongoing year. The next few months are spent finalising the images, proof checking and actual printing of the document.
The world’s first official calendar though was credited to Julius Caesar. The Julian calendar, which was introduced his calendar in 45 B.C.E., made 1 January the start of the year, and it was always the date on which the Solar Number and the Golden Number were incremented. The problem with the Julian calendar however was that it did not take into account leap years and by the time it was replaced, the calculation of days was said to have been off by nearly 100 days.
The Gregorian Calendar, which replaced the Julian Calendar in 1582, took into account leap years, the rotation and revolution of the earth. The time in which the earth circles the sun is approximately 365.25 days which the Gregorian calendar rounded off to 365. The Leap year therefore ended up having 366 days.
The precedent of having names of the months after Roman Gods however was retained quite by accident. The time at which the Gregorian calendar was implemented, was at the height of the dark ages in medieval Europe with most of the ancient learning of the world being shrouded by the ignorance and blind faith the period was notorious for. Besides the names of Roman Gods were after the planets in the firmament and therefore apt for a solar/lunar calendar.
The contribution of Regiomontanus:
Printed calendars have been wildly popular since the 15th century. The first instance of a printed calendar was the Johannes Regiomontanus: Calendar. One of the foremost scholars in mathematics and astronomy during this period, Regiomontanus was professor of astronomy at the University of Vienna before being appointed astronomer to King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary. With funds from his patron and fellow scientist Bernard Walther, he built an observatory in Nuremberg in 1471, and in 1472 erected his own private press in order to publish his discoveries satisfactorily. One of the first to realize the impact printing would have in disseminating scientific knowledge, Regiomontanus’ printing output included the first edition of his Calendar. His press was maintained until 1475 when he was summoned to Rome by Pope Sixtus IV to assist in the reform of the Calendar; his death at the age of 40 a year later brought his work to a premature end, a great loss to the developing science of astronomy.
Calendar printing even today remains a complex process and calendar printing company remains one of the best ways to personalise a gift for people that mean the world to you.