A neurosurgeon is a doctor who is known to carry out the diagnosis and surgical treatment of issues of the peripheral and central nervous system including trauma, congenital anomalies, vascular disorders, tumours, degenerative diseases of the spine, or infections of the spine or brain, stroke. The education and training to become a neurosurgeon is meticulous and wide-ranging. If suffering from any kind of peripheral and central nervous system related issues, it is important to consult with the best neurologist in India.
The kinds of disorders neurosurgeons diagnose and take care of are associated with the brain. Neurosurgeons are specifically qualified to treat a range of diseases, disorders and conditions that have an impact on the nervous system- from head injuries and disorders of the spine to nerve injuries, stroke and chronic pain. While neurosurgeons can carry out an extensive amount surgical processes, their treatment recommendations or offerings also expand to nonsurgical methods.
Mentioned below are some of the conditions that neurosurgeons usually treat:
Cervical spine disorders
If you are experiencing ache in the shoulders, neck, hands or arms, as well as numbness, tingling, or weakness, you might be suffering from a cervical spine disorder. The neurosurgeon will be able to treat this by finding out the root cause of the problem and design a treatment plan.
This condition entails an excessive build-up of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. Infants and children are vulnerable to hydrocephalus and might experience vomiting, nausea, headaches, seizures, vision problems, irritability and sleepiness. In adults, vision problems, chronic headaches, and dizziness are more common.
Carotid artery disease
This condition affects the major blood vessels that supply blood to the neck and head. A neurosurgeon uses carotid endarterectomy to remove the build-up of plaque in the carotid arteries, enhance a patient’s vascular health and prevent stroke.
Dizziness or Balance Problems
From time to time, being lightheaded or dizzy can happen to anyone. But, if this seems to be happening often, this is not a good sign. If you are walking around and feel dizzy frequently, or even lose your balance and fall, it is possibly time to find a neurosurgeon.
Lumbar spinal stenosis
Lumbar spinal stenosis is a condition concerning the narrowing of the spinal canal and firmness of nerves traveling through the lower back. Pain, numbness and weakness in the legs are common symptoms. In such cases, it is essential to consult with the neurosurgeon.
Neurosurgeons offer two minimally invasive processes, vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty that assist steady vertebral fractures. The surgeon may use imaging guidance to insert a cement mixture into the fractured bone (vertebroplasty) or add a balloon into the fractured bone to make a space and then fill it with cement (kyphoplasty). After vertebroplasty, about 75 percent of patients get back lost mobility and become more active.
A herniated disc takes place when there is a rupture in the cartilage that surrounds and protects a disc in the spine. When this happens, pressure is given on the nerves in the spine and results in leg or arm pain, numbness, weakness and tingling. This can be treated by the neurosurgeon either with medication or by surgery. A herniated disc is often treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication, if the pain is mild to moderate. An epidural steroid injection may be performed using a spinal needle beneath X-ray guidance to direct the medication to the exact level of the disc herniation. A neurosurgeon may prescribe surgery if conservative treatment options, for example, medications and physical therapy, do not lessen or end the pain completely.
The sharp facial pain of trigeminal neuralgia usually arises from pressure on the trigeminal nerve caused by a blood vessel, typically the superior cerebellar artery. Symptoms comprise intermittent shooting pain on one side of the face originating from one or more branches of the trigeminal nerve. In such cases, neurosurgeons may recommend surgical procedures like percutaneous trigeminal radiofrequency rhizotomy, Microvascular decompression of the trigeminal nerve, Stereotactic Radiosurgery, Glycerol injection, Balloon compression etc.
Thus, it can be said that a neurosurgeon does a lot more than brain surgery. In fact, a neurosurgeon’s time is dedicated to treating back pain, spinal cord related issues, neck pain, degenerative disc disease, herniated discs, and even leg pain. In short, the best neurosurgeon in India work with the entire nervous system that starts in brain, runs through spine, and branches out to all parts of the body.